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Ebola Virus Disease (EVD)

Recent News

U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Index of Ebola topics

CDC Infographic (PDF) - Facts about Ebola in the U.S. 

CDC Infographic (PDF) - Is it Flu or Ebola?

       

                         


Ebola FAQs

 Infection Prevention and Cleaning

Use an EPA-registered disinfectant suitable for non-enveloped viruses (e.g., adenovirus, norovirus, poliovirus) to treat contamination/spills and to disinfect surfaces after bulk spill material has been removed. See www.epa.gov/oppad001/chemregindex.htm . Follow manufacturer instructions for the specific disinfectant.

Specific Guidance for:

Healthcare Settings

Hospitalized Patients with Known or Suspected Ebola Virus Disease in U.S. Hospitals

General Environmental Infection Control in Hospitals for Ebola Virus

Non-healthcare Settings

Guidance for Workers and Employers in Non-Healthcare/Non-Laboratory Settings        

Handling, Decontamination, Transport, and Disposal of Non-Health Care Setting Ebola-Contaminated Waste

 How Long Does the Virus Survive Outside the Host?

Interim Guidance for Environmental Infection Control in Hospitals for Ebola Virus (See FAQ # 6: How long does the Ebola virus persist in indoor environments?)

For study results, see the SURVIVAL OUTSIDE HOST section on the Public Health Agency of Canada webpage.

 Guidance for Healthcare Workers

 How is Ebola Transmitted?

Ebola is spread through direct contact (through broken skin or mucous membranes in, for example, the eyes, nose, or mouth) with

  • blood or body fluids (including but not limited to urine, saliva, sweat, feces, vomit, breast milk, and semen) of a person who is sick with Ebola
  • objects (like needles and syringes) that have been contaminated with the virus
  • infected animals.

Ebola is not spread through the air or by water, or in general, by food

For more information, see the CDC webpage.

CDC Infographic (PDF): How Ebola is Spread

CDC Fact Sheet (PDF): Why Ebola is Not Likely to Become Airborne

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Page last reviewed: November 14, 2018

Page last updated: November 14, 2018