and other plants need soil to grow. Soil must have air spaces in it
to let water percolatethrough and must allow air to get to roots in
order for the soil to support plant life. Soil that has been compacted
has lost those air spaces. Soil Compaction Diagram
Use the links below to research information
about soil compaction. As you conduct your research, evaluate the
source of the information. What bias might it have? Is it primary
research or does it restate someone else's research?
A Technical Guide to Urban and Community Forestry - Basic Horticultural Principles
United States Department of Agriculture - Soil Compaction Injures Trees
International Society of Arboriculture - Avoiding Tree Damage During Construction
Wisconsin Natural Resources Magazine - Building for Growth
Type the following into a search engine to explore other
possible sources of information about your issue.
Return to Process - Step 2