White-tailed Deer - State Management Tools

In the U.S., states use the annual deer season to manage the deer herd that is within that particular state.  The season is structured in a way to achieve any management goals the state may have.  There are season structures for increasing, maintaining and decreasing the deer herd based on the availability of doe tags.


- If a state wants to increase the deer herd, they may have a buck only season to ensure the maximum number of does make it through the season to have young in the spring.
Maintain - A state may give out a limited number of doe tags if they are looking to maintain the current population numbers, knowing that the fawns that will be born in the spring will make up for the does harvested during the season.
Decreasing - If a state is looking to decrease the size of the deer population, they will encourage the harvest of antlerless deer.  They may give away antlerless permits or require that an antlerless deer must be harvested before a buck can be harvested (Earn a Buck).


White-tailed deer give a great boost to the economy and natural resources for many states that have a White-tailed deer season.  Hunting license sales contribute large sums of money to states natural resource departments, while the need of hunting equipment for those seeking to harvest a White-tailed deer stimulates a lot of spending.