White-tailed Deer - Behavior

White-tailed deer have superior senses and can detect the slightest danger.  A long nose gives them a long olfactory system, sixty times as many olfactory sensors than humans; in return they can smell the slightest of smells (.  Eyes on the side of their head give them a wide range of vision, up to 310 degrees, to pick up the slightest movements (Moyer 2009).  Large cupped ears that can be turned in almost any direction allow them to detect the smallest of sounds.  When combined the whitetail is a well equipped animal and can pinpoint predators rather easily.  When alerted, a deer will run away with its tail up.  The bright white underside is very visible.  This is called flagging and could be used to confuse predators and/or to warn other deer in the area. Other danger warnings consist of stomping their feet and snorting loudly.  Since whitetails are polyandrous there is a high amount of competition for does.  Bucks will fight vigorously with their antlers, sometimes even to the death, to show dominance and claim territory and does.  Bucks throughout the breeding season, also called rut, make rubs on trees and scrapes.  Rubs consist of rubbing antlers on trees to leave scent behind to let other bucks know that they’re in the area.  Scrapes consist of removing leaves from under a tree and urinating on the fresh dirt.  Along with this, but not always the case, the buck will have a licking branch which it will use to leave more scent behind.