Friday Concurrent Session 7
April 3, 2020 ~ 1:30-2:30 pm
Agenda subject to change.
Managing Lakes 101: Resiliency Matters
Description coming soon!
Presenter: Heather Palmquist, County Conservationist, Iron County
Aquatic Plant Management Program Updates
The Department of Natural Resources is planning to revise Administrative Rules NR 107 and 109 beginning in 2020. During the 30 month rule revision process, there will be many opportunities for the public to provide their input. We will begin by presenting the key programmatic changes we expect from the rule revision, and how they may impact lake groups. Then we will outline the relevant steps of rule revision. Finally, we will show where the public can go to find out more information and how they can get involved.
Presenter: Madi Johansen, Aquatic Plant Management Team Leader, Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources
Unique Fish of the Chippewa
The lower Chippewa River has one of the most diverse fish communities in the state and this talk will take a closer look at many of those species. Some fish species that inhabit the lower Chippewa River are commonly observed in fisheries surveys but are not routinely encountered by anglers. Basic identification and relative abundance of many common and not so common riverine fish species will be discussed. Two unique species that call the lower Chippewa River home are shovelnose sturgeon and lake sturgeon. Fisheries surveys and research projects specific to both sturgeon species are occurring in the lower Chippewa River. Hopefully attendees will come away with a better understanding and appreciation of the unique fish community present in the lower Chippewa River.
Presenter: Joseph Gerbyshak, Fisheries Biologist, Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources
*Three 20 minute presentations
Lab and Field-Based Determination of 2,4-D Degradation Rates
The herbicide 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) is used in Wisconsin as a treatment for invasive Eurasian watermilfoil. However, the degradation rate and resulting lifespan of 2,4-D can vary widely, with complete degradation observed to range from 70 to 150 days. We investigated the degradation of 2,4-D in aquatic environments using lab-based microcosms and irradiation studies in combination with large field campaigns to monitor 2,4-D loss following whole-lake herbicide treatments to determine how water clarity, littoral zone area, abundance of genes associated with 2,4-D degradation, and extent of stratification in 6 different lakes effected 2,4-D loss. These results will be used to inform the application of 2,4-D to Wisconsin lakes and support decision making that promotes resilient native plant and fish populations while attempting to and eradicate invasive pests.
Presenter: Amber White, Graduate Researcher, Environmental Chemistry & Technology, University of Wisconsin - Madison
The Effects of Subchronic Exposure of 2,4-D on Developmental Stages of Freshwater Game Fish
One of the most common active ingredients in commercial herbicide formulations used around the world is 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D). In the United States, commercial 2,4-D herbicides are commonly applied directly into aquatic environments to control invasive, non-native aquatic species. However, the subchronic and chronic impacts of ecologically relevant concentrations of 2,4-D exposure on early life stages of freshwater fish is poorly understood. Therefore, we exposed early life stages (embryos and/or larvae) of up to nine freshwater fish species to environmentally relevant concentrations of 2,4-D (0-2ppm) and assessed essential behaviors, development, and survival. These results provide information on the environmental costs of 2,4-D application on non-target organisms, which can help inform and improve risk assessment decisions by management agencies and residents.
Presenter: Gavin Dehnert, Graduate Researcher, Integrative Biology, University of Wisconsin - Madison
Japanese Hops Control Efforts in the Driftless
Landowners in the Driftless Region are looking into practical ways to control Japanese hops, an invasive creeping vine. We will look at the presence of this plant in southwest Wisconsin and how it is spreading. Control regimes had been tested by Tom Lukens and Pam Saunders several years ago, and a variety of mechanical and chemical techniques will be discussed including goats and herbicide rates. We will also share the current state of the plant on their Natures Nook property. Early detection and shade seem to be the best way to deal with this prickly invasive.
Presenter: Matthew Walrath, Invasive Species Project Coordinator, Upper Sugar River Watershed Association
*Two 30 minute presentations
Extreme Precipitation Events
Recent experiences throughout Wisconsin and beyond, have shown that existing stormwater and flood control infrastructure is inadequate in the face of increases in extreme rainfall. This presents a major problem to the civil engineering and infrastructure planning communities, whose everyday work relies on rainfall design statistics such as the “100-year storm.” Existing rainfall design statistics are already more than a decade old and seriously underestimate current and future rainfall conditions in Wisconsin due to rapid climate change. In this presentation, we will show the current state of affairs regarding the impacts of climate change on extreme rainfall, the consequences for infrastructure, and what experts at the University of Wisconsin-Madison are doing to address the problem.
Presenter: Guo Yu, Graduate Researcher, Civil & Environmental Engineering, University of Wisconsin - Madison
Improving Flood Resiliency in the Yahara River Chain of Lakes: Assessment and Action
In August 2018, flooding was experienced in the Yahara River Chain of Lakes (RCL) due to heavy intense rainfall causing over $154 million damages in Dane County. Several spatial and temporal complexities present challenges to appropriately deliver water efficiently leading to flooding in the Yahara RCL system. These complexities include controlled (e.g. dam) and uncontrolled (e.g. river choking) water release, seasonal aquatic plant density, temporary reverse flows, and varying lake water levels due to discharge from different watershed and lake area ratios. Various alternatives of adaptation strategies (e.g. dam operations) or mitigation measures (e.g. remove bridge choking, perform river dredging) are assessed to develop effective solutions for improving the community’s resilience for future flooding. Finally, current actions to reduce flooding will be presented.
Presenter: John Reimer, Assistant Director, Dane County Land & Water Department
*Two 30 minute presentations
Building Partnerships and Designing Stormwater Solutions for Resilient Watersheds and Communities
Be inspired by the students of the Fox River Academy as they grow community and environmental resilience through stewardship projects that reduce stormwater run-off. Learn about ways that students connect with their local watershed to explore the interdependence of people and nature within their watershed. Discover how collaborations among community partners and schools can support students as they develop skills in science, social studies, English Language Arts, and the Arts through field-based learning experiences.
Presenter: Joann Kasper, Teacher, Fox River Academy
Highland Community Middle School Take Action
Our project started with an opportunity for students to apply for a Youth Water Grant. After receiving the grant, middle school students went to work implementing their plan. This involved a number of projects including researching and building lunker structures for a local stream to prevent erosion and provide better trout habitat. A second project involved purchasing storm drain magnets, “No Dumping, Drains to Waterways,” for storm drains in our community with the hope that this simple message would spread the word that pollutants that are washed into the storm drains actually go to our local waterways. Highland Community Middle School students were also given the opportunity to spend a day at a local stream and lake with Department of Natural Resources professionals testing water quality and collecting data. Our hope is that this partnership will continue for the next ten years so that students can analyze the trends in water quality.
Presenters: Highland Community Middle School Students