The Wisconsin Institute for Peace and Conflict Studies
Speakers Program 2012-2013
Participating institutions of the Wisconsin Institute for Peace and Conflict Studies may invite the following lecturers to speak on their campuses at no charge. Contact the Wisconsin Institute at firstname.lastname@example.org or (715) 346-3383 to make arrangements and for more details on speakers and their topics. Please keep in mind that the speakers are subject to availability, and the earlier in the year you request a speaker, the more likely you are to secure a mutually agreeable date and time.
The Struggle for Democracy in Iran: What are the Prospects?
Islam and Democracy: Is Islam Incompatible with Democracy?
The United States and the Middle East
The Current State of the Arab-Israeli Conflict
Department of Political Science
(Professor Abootalebi will be in Japan for the fall semester)
Gandhian Thinking and the New World Order
Examines the nature and inner meaning of the concept of the “New World Order” within the context of modern “power politics” as opposed to the Gandhian theory and practice of “Goodness Politics.”
Peace and Environmental Security
Explores the nature, meaning, and adequacy of “sustained environmental development” as the preferred strategy to deal with the global ecological and environmental crisis by linking peace with environmental security.
The Traditional Hindu Approach to Interreligious Understanding and Dialogue as a Path to Peace
Examines the contribution of Hindu theory and practice in promoting interreligious understanding and dialogue within a religiously plural world.
Lakshmi K. Bharadwaj
Department of Sociology
University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee
Dr. Bharadwaj prefers speaking engagements within 100 miles of Milwaukee.
Speaking the Unspeakable: Deciphering the Past through Unwritten Sources
How can we use unwritten sources such as war memorials, visual arts, and story cloths to learn about the past? How can such sources be especially powerful in witnessing to horrific wartime events? What are the intended and unintended messages such sources reveal and how can they help or hinder us from making sense of our past, our present, and ourselves?
Creating the ‘Good War’: the Language and Memory of War in the U.S.
This presentation explores the ways World War II became “the Good War” just at the time that Vietnam was emerging as our great “national mistake.” In what ways are the differing characterizations of these two wars dependent on each other? What are the political reasons to describe each in this way and what effect has that had on peace activism?
The Problem of Creating a Feminine War Hero
This slide lecture parallels popular perceptions of women arrested for espionage in France in World War I and U.S. female combatants in the current war in Iraq to examine the larger questions of women’s perceived and actual roles within war and why society has such a hard time with them.
Creating the Memory of World War I
This slide lecture examines the creation of several WW I monuments in northern France during the 1920s and 1930s as a lens through which to explore the conflicts and tensions of the region over who “owned” the memory of the war.
Department of History
University of Wisconsin–La Crosse
Characteristic Negro Melodies: The rise of American black minstrelsy 1875 – 1925
The technological advances of the industrial age eased life for many poor Americans during the late 19th century. However, they also provided for the ongoing institutionalization of prejudices through more rapid transportation and new mass media. Traveling vaudeville performers found rich comic fodder in ridiculing black Americans, entertaining white audiences with affected dialect and absurd blackface makeup. Recordings of such routines exist on Edison cylinder records and early 78s, making a sobering context for turn-of-the-century humor.
Opium in China - From the Silk Road to Tiananmen Square
The opium poppy reached China in ancient times, and was used medicinally for centuries. Consumed as a soup or herbal tea, opium sap effectively relieved the pains of hard labor and disease. It was China’s cultural fascination with ritual practice and foreign trade goods that led to mainstream adaptation of opium as a drug of recreation. Both before and after renewed European contact, opium’s role as a commodity, spiritual aid, diplomatic tool, and medicine was a key element of China’s social and economic life. The impact of this plant on Asian history was tremendous and its lessons continue to inform Chinese leaders in their domestic and international affairs.
Department of Biology
Genocide in the Modern Era
Many people continue to associate genocide with Holocaust and presume that the last genocide only occurred during the Second World War and that indeed we have learned from the past. The phrase “Never Again” continues to resonate with people and create a notion that genocide is the crime of a particular era. This presentation raises questions about occurrence of genocide before and after Holocaust by examining the history of genocide in the US, the Armenian Genocide, Holocaust, Cambodia, Bosnia, Rwanda and Darfur. Particular attention is paid to the role of students in terms of how they can effectively play a role in preventing future genocides.
This presentation provides students with an overview of the content of human rights, beginning with UDHR and the two Covenants of Political and ESCR of the 1960 and moving into newer areas of gender, children, anti-discrimination, disability, and protection from landmines and now cluster munitions. Why are these rights important and why should we care? Drawing on particular examples of human rights violations, this presentation makes it clear that we need to use our freedoms to ensure others can have greater rights and live in dignity. To go beyond merely talking about issues as opposed to acting on them, this presentation will engage particularly students to explore how they can form an on-campus student organization to formulate their concerns about human rights, teach others, and become effective voices against human rights violations here and abroad.
Reconciliation: Framework for Peace
Using the post-conflict Bosnia as an example, this presentation examines the strengths and weaknesses of reconciliation as a framework for peacemaking. There are a number of questions that need to be resolved before reconciliation can be effectively applied as a model of peacemaking.
Department of Political Science
University of Wisconsin–Superior
The Global Financial Crisis: 2007 – ?
This presentation examines increasing global economic interdependence with special attention to the recent financial meltdown and continuing reverberations. The causes and consequences of the crisis are examined, including the implications for the future of globalization.
China and the United States in Today’s Global Arena
No nation on earth presents greater challenges and opportunities than China today. This presentation examines the issues of free trade, national security, human rights and democratization as they affect U.S.-China relations today and into the foreseeable future.
Martin F. Farrell
Department of Politics and Government
Social Entrepreneurship: Contributing to the Common Good through Business
The Civil Economy: Meaning, History, and Prospects
Towards a Theory of Cultural Dynamics: Conditions of Successful Intercultural Exchange
Multiculturalism rightly understood can be a major contributor to peaceful coexistence between nations. Successful exchange between cultures (here largely understood as equivalent to civilizations) at all levels leads to structurally more complex forms of hybrid entities that typically are also regarded as intellectually and aesthetically more appealing. However, not just any juxtaposition or artificial mixing of cultural elements leads to a derivative that integrates them into a new “organic” whole. Rather, such integration will occur only under certain environmental conditions, which may then be taken as constitutive of successful intercultural exchange. Using case studies, a theory is developed that seeks to explain why it is these conditions that support intercultural exchange and what accounts for an “organic fit” between cultures.
Department of Business Administration
St. Norbert College
The War on Terror: Who wins? Who loses?
In the last twenty-five years, there has been a “paradigm shift” in war profiteering. It will always be true that corporations will make huge profits from war. But now, the military corporations have gained such influence over U.S. war-making policy, it is true to say that the corporations make war for profit. This presentation outlines how they do it.
G. Simon Harak, S.J.
Director, Center for Peacemaking
What does Psychology have to do with War, Peace, and Conflict?
This lecture, appropriate for Introductory Psychology, Social Psychology, and other courses, examines the role of basic psychological mechanisms in the phenomenon of war and peace at different levels of human experience. Also suitable for other courses concerning war and peace that would like to add an element of psychology.
Using Family Culture to Demonstrate the Principles, Problems, and Potential of Intercultural Interaction
This hands-on exercise uses a culture everyone knows, that of their own family, to demonstrate a number of important principles about intercultural understanding. Interculturalism, or multiculturalism, is seen today as an important part of a college education. However, many students in Wisconsin have had little or no contact with others from recognizably different cultures, and may thus feel that they have little experience in multiculturalism. This may lead to discomfort when discussing such issues, or in the failure to understand the value of multicultural education. Dr. Hatcher’s exercise also points out how cultural differences can lead to misunderstandings and misperceptions, and can be used to demonstrate the value of learning from other cultures. The exercise, with introduction and discussion, can be done in 45 minutes, and is suitable for large or small groups.
Peace Studies and Psychology
This presentation is meant to take one class of an introductory psychology or other psychology class and show how basic concepts of psychology can be applied to issues of war and peace.
Joe W. Hatcher, Jr.
Department of Psychology
The Ethics of Globalization
Just War Theory
An introduction to just war theory with an eye to U.S. foreign policy, and consideration of just war teaching within the Islamic tradition, as well.
Department of History, Politics, and Society (retired)
University of Wisconsin–Superior
Jainism: Philosophy of Nonviolence
Based on the Jain religion, which appeared in India about 2,500 years ago, and may be regarded as the oldest philosophy based on nonviolence, Jain philosophy accepts and advocates nonviolence as the highest ideal of life and as the means of attaining “moska” or liberation.
Gandhian Economic Perspectives
Gandhi’s argument that the concepts of development and progress must change in order to eradicate poverty.
Gandhi’s Method of Social and Political Change
This examines a crucial issue in Gandhi's thought and life.
Pravin C. Kamdar
Department of Business and Economics
Cardinal Stritch University
The War in Afghanistan: Working for Nonviolent Solutions
Patrick Kennelly has been studying the efforts of the Afghan Peace Volunteers to explore nonviolent solutions to the war in their country. This talk examines the history of the conflict in Afghanistan, the methods of nonviolence, and the motivation of Afghan peacemakers.
Dorothy Day and the Catholic Worker Movement Lessons for Today
This talk is an introduction to Day and the Catholic Worker. It traces Day’s development from a young person in Chicago to the leader of a worldwide movement that shelters the homeless and works for peace. Focusing on Day’s upbringing and her development of a social conscience, and work to form communities that confront poverty, violence, racism, and oppression, this talk challenges the audience to examine the relevance of Day’s ideas today.
Iraqi Student Project: a Model for Peacemaking
The American invasion of Iraq decimated the country’s higher education system. The university structures were badly damaged and students were left without teachers, books, and computers. Universities became soft targets for violence and many students fled the country. As the years go by, many students remain as refugees in Syria and Jordan and are unable to avail themselves of higher education. The Iraqi Student Project seeks to make undergraduate education possible for qualified students whose education was interrupted and are unable to continue their education because of the violence in their country. The project hopes that by providing students with opportunities to complete their education in the United States, there will be a generation of young Iraqis who will possess the skills necessary to rebuild their country. In addition, the students’ presence on campuses in the United States will allow for the development of person-to-person relationships. It is the project’s hope that these experiences of getting to know the “enemy” will increase people’s commitment to say no to war and work to build peace in the world. Kennelly and an Iraqi university student will discuss the history, success, and shortcomings of the Iraqi Student Project as a model for peacemaking.
Associate Director, Center for Peacemaking, Marquette University
A co-founder of the Iraqi Student Project Milwaukee
Member of the Casa Maria Catholic Worker community
Yoga’s Understanding of War and Peace
The 5,000-6,000-year-old tradition of Yoga, originally known as the Vedic Tradition of the Himalayas, has a very precise and specific understanding of the causes of war and discontent in the world. This Himalayan Tradition teaches a very clear method of manifesting peace in today’s world. This presentation will elaborate on the theoretical and practical foundations of peace from the Himalayan Tradition’s worldview. Participants will experience yogic practices that will nurture peace within the individual, which then can become global peace.
Michael A. Ketterhagen
Department of Theology
Opportunities and risks created by the demise of the Soviet Union
The following lectures are offered:
Lessons from the Rise and Fall of Soviet Communism
The Fall of the Soviet Union and the Rise of 21st-Century Socialism
The Paradox of Plenty and Global Competitiveness
Who is in Charge in the Kremlin? The Key Factors of Russian Political Life
Russia: Hydrocarbons, Autocracy, and Power Politics
Perestroika and Demise of the USSR: Personal Reflections
The World of Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn
Yuri N. Maltsev
Department of Economics
Yuri Maltsev, Professor of Economics at Carthage College in Wisconsin, earned his B.A. and M.A. degrees at Moscow State University, and his Ph.D. in Labor Economics at the Institute of Labor Research in Moscow, Russia. Before defecting to the United States in 1989, he was a Chief Consultant of the Bank for Foreign Trade and then a member of a senior team of Soviet economists that worked on President Gorbachev's reforms package. Prior to joining Carthage, Mr. Maltsev was a Peace Fellow at the United States Institute of Peace in Washington, D.C., a federal research institution. Mr. Maltsev also consulted with different departments of the U.S. government and testified before Congress. He has lectured at leading universities, corporations, banks, colleges, churches, and schools all over the United States, Canada, Europe, Asia and Africa. Dr. Maltsev has appeared on Cable Network News, Fox News, PBS NewsHour, C-Span, CBC and other American, Canadian, Spanish, Lithuanian and Finnish television and radio programs. He has authored five books and over a hundred articles published in The Christian Science Monitor, Newsday, Washington Times, Free Market, San Diego Union Tribune, Journal of Commerce, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, Seattle Times and others. His chapter on Franklin Delano Roosevelt was included in a monumental volume: Reassessing American Presidency, published in 2001 in Auburn, Alabama. Now he is working on a book "The Tea Party Movement" for Praeger Academic Publishers and on the second edition of his previously published “Requiem to Marx” (1994). He contributed to the Encyclopedia of the World Poverty and numerous other publications.
Systems Thinking and Peacebuilding: A New Frontier
Policymakers, practitioners, and academics have seized on the need for peacebuilding programs to be as complex and adaptive as the societies within which they work. As a result, there are loud calls for "whole of government" or "whole of community" approaches that cross traditional sectoral boundaries. The problem is that these approaches are very difficult to implement. In this talk, Rob Ricigliano will present an overview of his new book, Making Peace Last, which articulates the theory and practice of systemic peacebuilding, a holistic approach to dealing with complex adaptive social systems. In the last two years, the author has worked with USAID, the US Department of State, and the US Department of Defense to integrate systems thinking tools into their assessment and planning frameworks.
Director, Peace Studies/Institute of World Affairs
Department of Communication
University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee
The Price of Tourism in Argentina: How much is too much?
Explores the environmental, political, and economic consequences of tourism in Puerto Iguazú, Argentina, through the lenses of human rights and environmental rights.
The Galápagos Islands: Fishing, Tourism, and Human Rights
Explores the environmental, political, and economic consequences of over-fishing and tourism on the ecosystem and people of the Galápagos Islands.
Issues in Nuclear Proliferation: Do ‘Know-How’ and Technology from the Former Soviet Union Pose a New Nuclear Threat?
Since 1992, newspaper articles have claimed that Russian nuclear scientists and nuclear materials were going east and south to the highest bidder. This lecture will explore the truth and implications of these claims and whether the United States should be concerned about the deals that Russia has made with China, Iran, and other countries.
Cuba Today: Myth and Reality
This talk is based on current research and two visits to Cuba (January 2004 and January 2002). Dr. Roberg discusses the current political, economic, and social atmosphere of Cuba and its ramifications for both Cuba and the United States.
Jeffrey L. Roberg
Department of Political Science
Good and Bad Lessons from the “Good War”
The most widely “learned” lesson of World War II—that evil should be nipped in the bud—is a bad one. To justify the lesson “if you want peace, work for justice,” Rowley argues that the Versailles treaty established a patently unjust international order and gave Hitler a ready-made strategy for initiating war. To substantiate the lesson “there is no way to peace, peace is the way,” he argues that appeasement was a just policy and that preemptive war would have been no solution at all. Moreover, Rowley points out that appeasement did not fail; it was the switch from appeasement to deterrence that precipitated the war. He concludes that even in 1939, the pursuit of peace and justice was a practical and hopeful policy and the only way the war and the Holocaust could have been prevented. Dr. Rowley is Professor of History at the University of Wisconsin–Platteville where he teaches World, Russian, and British history. His presentation is based on an article published in the Fall 2009 issue of Religion, Conflict, and Peace.
Department of Social Sciences
University of Wisconsin–Platteville
Environmental Security: Issues and Politics
This lecture and Powerpoint presentation gives an overview of the different issues involved in Environmental Security. Environmental Security is the study of the link between human conflict and environmental degradation. This means both how the environment is affected by conflict as well as how the environment is part of the cause of conflicts within and between countries. A number of examples and images of these two aspects are given, followed by a discussion about what current policy is regarding Environmental Security and what individuals can do to try to lessen these security risks.
Department of Political Science/Survey Center
St. Norbert College
Tourism, Development, and Mbyá Guaraní Communities in Argentina: Continuing Cultural Conflicts Over Land
In Argentina, the Mbyá Guaraní ethnic people live in an area near the Cataratas del Iguazú that is being rapidly developed for tourist use. While tourism has brought needed income to some Mbyá communities, there have been concurrent changes in culture and physical and psychological health. This talk examines concerns about how governmental policy makers have developed tourism on Mbyá lands, and suggest goals that stakeholders should achieve in their plans for sustainable development. Finally, programs of sustainable tourism must include the indigenous participation at all levels of planning and implementation, a practice seldom followed in the case of the Mbyá.
Department of Psychology and Neuroscience Program
The Theatre of Empowerment: Prison Theatre and Social Change
For over 15 years, Jonathan Shailor has been using theatre as a means to teach prison inmates about themselves, about others, and about conflict resolution. This remarkable work has been featured in The New York Times, on Wisconsin Public Radio, and elsewhere. In this talk, Jonathan will share stories of his experiences in directing and acting with inmates, and he will discuss how this “theatre of empowerment” has changed his perspective on the U.S. prison system. Jonathan is the author/editor of several publications on arts in corrections, including the book "Performing New Lives: Prison Theatre" (Jessica Kingsley Publishers, 2011). For more information, go to http://shakespeareprisonproject.blogspot.com/.
Founder and Director
Certificate Program in Conflict Analysis and Resolution, University of Wisconsin-Parkside
and The Shakespeare Prison Project
Twentieth Century: A Time of Peace
We are so conditioned to looking at the wars of the twentieth century that we fail entirely to see the peace. Yes, it was the bloodiest century in history, but paradoxically, it was also the century when humanity made more progress toward the control of war and toward replacing it with more peaceful methods of conflict management than at any time since war was invented some six thousand years ago. Dr. Shifferd will present arguments from his book, War and Peace: The Next Hundred Years.
Throughout the long hunting and gathering era and into the era of civilization, humans lived sustainably, in balance with the natural world. Hyper-civilization is the highly intensified form of civilization characterized by gross overpopulation; unprecedented energy capture and use; habitat destruction; invasive species; technical reach into the atom and the gene and out into the stars; chemical pollution of soils, air, and water; and climate alteration and unprecedented extinctions that burst upon the world in the last 200 years and trashed the planet. It is nothing short of a planetary revolution. Where is it leading, and what can we do about it? This is the subject of Dr. Shifferd's current book project.
How to Create a Civil War and Destroy a World: What Shakespeare Has to Say About Today
We live in an age of ideologies, a time when contrasting world views compete for control of human thought and society—in our own country and throughout the world. That conflict tends to focus, often in a very nasty way, in matters of culture: entertainments and diversions; the status of women; attempts by one group to regulate the behavior and social and religious practices of another group; the tendency to demonize those with opposing views (“I'm right, you're evil”). The age of ideologies actually began in the sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries—the age of Shakespeare and his contemporaries. His plays not only reflect the competition of those ideologies, they chart the process by which a conflicted society can spiral from disagreement to civil war and the death of a peaceful, coherent, society. Professor Stokes uses Shakespeare’s texts together with a wealth of contemporary historical documents to illustrate Shakespeare’s prophetic understanding of that disintegration, not only as it occurred in his own society, but as it is occurring in our own.
Is a Common Conscience Possible in the Modern World?: Building a Framework of Principle as a First Step toward Global Peace
As a Baha'i, Professor Stokes has an abiding interest in the quest for world self-governance. Is the ancient yearning for peace a practical hope? Is it possible to define a process by which sustained peace may be achieved? The presentation argues that it is, and that such a process begins with the gradual development of “a common conscience,” via the building of a framework of principle as a first step.
Department of English
University of Wisconsin–Stevens Point
Identity Opportunities in Peace Movement Discourse
Drawing on the data and analysis behind her co-authored book Contesting Patriotism: Culture, Power and Strategy in the Peace Movement (Rowman& Littlefield, 2008/2009), this presentation considers how race, class, gender, and religion serve as focal points for the discourse of some peace movement organizations but not for others.
Is Pink more Peaceful? Stereotypes, Social Realities, and Women on the Global Stage
Why is the debate about whether women are more peaceful still not solved? What do we find at the intersection of peace discourse and movements for gender equity? This interactive presentation reviews historic arguments about women and peace and brings those discussions up to present realities.
Lynne M. Woehrle
Department of Behavioral Science
Mount Mary College