Climate System Resources


  
collapse Topic : Causes of Climate Change ‎(2)
Cyclical and Natural Changes
Human-Caused Changes
collapse Topic : Climate System ‎(12)
Atmospheric Circulation
Atmospheric Composition
Carbon Cycle
Climate Compared to Weather
Climate Feedbacks
Global Energy Balance
Greenhouse Effect
Ocean and Climate
Orbital Cycles
Regional Climates
Solar Radiation
Water Cycle
collapse Topic : Human Responses to Climate Change ‎(3)
Personal Responsibility
Risk Management
Social Values
collapse Topic : Impacts of Climate Change ‎(13)
Agricultural Changes
Economic Impacts
Ecosystem Changes
Extreme Weather
Freshwater Resources
Great Lakes Impacts
Melting Ice and Permafrost
Ocean Warming and Acidification
Plants and Animals
Public Health
Sea Level Rise
Surface Temperature Warming
Uncertainty
collapse Topic : Measuring and Modeling Climate ‎(2)
Climate Modeling
Gathering and Measuring Climate Data

Ocean and Climate

Activities

Ocean Impacts on an El Nino Event. My NASA Data. Grades 9-12. http://mynasadata.larc.nasa.gov/preview_lesson.php?passid=68. This lesson explores El Niño by looking at sea surface temperature, sea surface height, and wind vectors in order to seek out any correlations there may be among these three variables, using the My NASA Data Live Access Server. The lesson guides the students through data representing the strong El Niño from 1997 to 1998. In this way, students will model the methods of researchers who bring their expertise to study integrated science questions.

Learning Polar Oceanography: Ocean Currents and Climate Connections. PBS. Grades 9-12. http://www.pbs.org/newshour/extra/teachers/lessonplans/science/jan-june08/polar_oceanography.html . This series of activities introduce students to polar oceanography, polar climate and how events that occur in oceans thousands of kilometers away affect them and the mid-latitudes using maps, images, lab experiments and online data tools. Students explore how conditions are changing in the Polar Regions and the possible impacts upon life in the United States and other mid-latitude nations.

Videos

Scientific American Frontiers: Hot Planet - Cold Comfort. PBS Home Video. (2005). This episode explores the freshening of the oceans and how this addition of freshwater could have an effect on global climate. It explains how ocean "conveyor belts" are currents that bring warm water up from the equator to cool in the northern latitudes, then to return to warmer waters. It also looks at some of the methods scientists use to gather evidence about the freshening of the oceans, such as sediment core samples, and measuring the melting of glaciers. Also, it discusses previous abrupt changes in global climate.

Role of Ocean Currents in Climate. Teachers' Domain. Grades 6-12. http://www.teachersdomain.org/resource/ttv10.sci.ess.watcyc.currents. Ocean surface currents have a major impact on regional climate around the world, bringing coastal fog to San Francisco and comfortable temperatures to the British Isles. This video segment produced by ThinkTV uses data-based visual representations adapted from NOAA to trace the path of surface ocean currents around the globe and explore their role in creating climate zones.

General Web Resources

Sea Salt Quiz: How much do you know? By NASA. http://climate.nasa.gov/Salinity_quiz/quiz_template.cfm. Test your knowledge of ocean salinity and why it’s so important to climate change and ocean circulation.