Climate System Resources

collapse Topic : Causes of Climate Change ‎(2)
Cyclical and Natural Changes
Human-Caused Changes
collapse Topic : Climate System ‎(12)
Atmospheric Circulation
Atmospheric Composition
Carbon Cycle
Climate Compared to Weather
Climate Feedbacks
Global Energy Balance
Greenhouse Effect
Ocean and Climate
Orbital Cycles
Regional Climates
Solar Radiation
Water Cycle
collapse Topic : Human Responses to Climate Change ‎(3)
Personal Responsibility
Risk Management
Social Values
collapse Topic : Impacts of Climate Change ‎(13)
Agricultural Changes
Economic Impacts
Ecosystem Changes
Extreme Weather
Freshwater Resources
Great Lakes Impacts
Melting Ice and Permafrost
Ocean Warming and Acidification
Plants and Animals
Public Health
Sea Level Rise
Surface Temperature Warming
collapse Topic : Measuring and Modeling Climate ‎(2)
Climate Modeling
Gathering and Measuring Climate Data

Greenhouse Effect


Energy Matters: A Web-based Exploration of Energy Today and Tomorrow. Grades K-12. KEEP. Information about the difference between global warming and ozone depletion. There are also suggested activities and lessons to teach about global warming from the KEEP Activity Guide.

Lesson 1: The Carbon Link. Climate Change: Connections and Solutions. Facing the Future. Grades 6-8. Students take on roles as part of an interactive carbon cycle model, then witness a demonstration of the greenhouse effect and explore its role in global climate change.

Lesson 1: Greenhouse Gas Investigations. Climate Change: Connections and Solutions. Facing the Future. Grades 9-12. Through an experiment, students explore Earth’s greenhouse effect and graph results of 3 scenarios to draw conclusions about how greenhouse gases affect air temperature."

How Greenhouse Gases Absorb Heat. American Museum of Natural History. Grades 9-12. In this experiment, students will observe two model atmospheres: one with normal atmospheric composition and another with an elevated concentration of carbon dioxide. These two contained atmospheres will be exposed to light energy from a sunny window or from a lamp. The carbon dioxide is produced by a simple reaction and tested using bromothymol blue (BTB).

Lesson 3: Greenhouse Gasses. NASA. Grades 5-9. In this lesson, students engage in a radiating heat activity and an activity that measures temperature in models with and without greenhouse gases. They draw conclusions about the effect of greenhouse gases on temperature and on human life. They will also kinesthetically model the absorbing and re-radiation of heat.

Global Climate Change: Understanding the Greenhouse Effect. Teachers’ Domain. Grades 6-12. Changes to Earth's global climate have had and will have major consequences for life on Earth. Using evidence preserved in ice for tens of thousands of years, scientists are searching for an understanding of the history of Earth's climate changes in order to better predict what the future holds for life on the planet. In this lesson, students learn about ways in which we study past climate change, and reflect on the present condition of Earth's climate. They explore the effect of greenhouse gases on Earth's atmosphere, and begin to consider the human impact on global warming.


Too Hot Not to Handle. HBO Home Video. (2006). This video provides a good introduction to the issue of climate change, including a useful demonstration of the greenhouse effect. It also shows how climate change affects the United States.


Climate Change: State of Knowledge by Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Office of Science and Technology Policy, Washington D.C. (1997). This is a summary report that was put out by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), which summarizes the most recent information on climate change science and the vulnerability of natural and socioeconomic systems. The Report is packed with lots of photographers, graphs, and statistics. It covers topics including the Greenhouse Effect-Historical Emissions, Climate Change Over the Last 100 Years, Climate Change Over the Next 100 Years, Vulnerabilities-Potential Consequences, and the Conclusion.

Energy Balance as a Basis for the Greenhouse Effect and Global Warming by AP Central - The College Board. This article provides an analytically detailed description of the greenhouse effect from a physical science perspective. Questions are provided to assess comprehension. Page 20-34 of the Special Focus: Energy and Climate Change materials.

General Web Resources

What is the greenhouse effect? Climate Kids: NASA’s eyes on the Earth. This section of NASA’s Climate Kids site provides a basic understanding of the greenhouse effect. Cooling or heating, a balancing act.

Vital Climate Change Graphics by UNEP/GRID-Arendal, Arendal, Norway. This section describes how greenhouse gasses and other factors act to warm and cool the planet.

Causes: A Blanket Around the Earth. Global Climate Change: Vital Signs of the Planet by NASA. This site describes the greenhouse effect, and how human actions are causing the earth to warm.

Carbon Dioxide Quiz: How much do you know? NASA. Test your knowledge of carbon dioxide and why it’s so important to climate stability and our quality of life.