Climate System Resources


  
collapse Topic : Causes of Climate Change ‎(2)
Cyclical and Natural Changes
Human-Caused Changes
collapse Topic : Climate System ‎(12)
Atmospheric Circulation
Atmospheric Composition
Carbon Cycle
Climate Compared to Weather
Climate Feedbacks
Global Energy Balance
Greenhouse Effect
Ocean and Climate
Orbital Cycles
Regional Climates
Solar Radiation
Water Cycle
collapse Topic : Human Responses to Climate Change ‎(3)
Personal Responsibility
Risk Management
Social Values
collapse Topic : Impacts of Climate Change ‎(13)
Agricultural Changes
Economic Impacts
Ecosystem Changes
Extreme Weather
Freshwater Resources
Great Lakes Impacts
Melting Ice and Permafrost
Ocean Warming and Acidification
Plants and Animals
Public Health
Sea Level Rise
Surface Temperature Warming
Uncertainty
collapse Topic : Measuring and Modeling Climate ‎(2)
Climate Modeling
Gathering and Measuring Climate Data

Climate Feedbacks

Activities

Ecosystem Relationships. Climate Change: A Wisconsin Activity Guide. Wisconsin DNR. Grades 7-12. http://dnr.wi.gov/org/caer/ce/eek/teacher/Climateguide/PDF/03-4650-relationship.pdf. This section of the Activity Guide provides an activity and worksheets to help students understand that the living and nonliving components of an ecosystem are intricately linked to one another. It also helps students understand how climate change will impact Wisconsin.

Ocean Impacts on an El Nino Event. My NASA Data. Grades 9-12. http://mynasadata.larc.nasa.gov/preview_lesson.php?passid=68. This lesson explores El Niño by looking at sea surface temperature, sea surface height, and wind vectors in order to seek out any correlations there may be among these three variables, using the My NASA Data Live Access Server. The lesson guides the students through data representing the strong El Niño from 1997 to 1998. In this way, students will model the methods of researchers who bring their expertise to study integrated science questions.

Learning Polar Oceanography: Ocean Currents and Climate Connections. PBS. Grades 9-12. http://www.pbs.org/newshour/extra/teachers/lessonplans/science/jan-june08/polar_oceanography.html. This series of activities introduce students to polar oceanography, polar climate and how events that occur in oceans thousands of kilometers away affect them and the mid-latitudes using maps, images, lab experiments and online data tools. Students explore how conditions are changing in the Polar Regions and the possible impacts upon life in the United States and other mid-latitude nations.

Earth’s Energy Cycle - Albedo. National Center for Atmospheric Research. Grades 6-8. http://eo.ucar.edu/educators/ClimateDiscovery/ESS_lesson4_10.19.05.pdf. Students perform a lab to explore how the color of materials at the Earth's surface affects the amount of warming. Topics covered include developing a hypothesis, collecting data, and making interpretations to explain why dark colored materials become hotter.

Understanding Albedo. Geophysical Institute of University of Fairbanks. Grades 6-8. http://www.arcticclimatemodeling.org/lessons/acmp/acmp_912_ClimateChange_UnderstandingAlbedo.pdf. This activity teaches students about the albedo of surfaces and how it relates to the ice-albedo feedback effect. During an experiment, students observe the albedo of two different colored surfaces by measuring the temperature change of a white and black surface under a lamp. Using NASA NEO and ImageJ to Explore the Role of Snow Cover in Shaping Climate.

Earth Exploration Toolbook from SERC. Grades 9-12. http://serc.carleton.edu/eet/albedo/index.html. Students download satellite images displaying land surface temperature, snow cover, and reflected short wave radiation data from the NASA Earth Observation (NEO) Web site. They then explore and animate these images using the free tool ImageJ and utilize the Web-based analysis tools built into NEO to observe, graph, and analyze the relationships among these three variables.

Global Climate Change: The Effects of Global Warming. Teachers’ Domain. Grades 9-12. http://www.teachersdomain.org/resource/ess05.sci.ess.watcyc.lp_global2/. The activity follows a progression that examines the CO2 content of various gases, explores the changes in the atmospheric levels of CO2 from 1958 to 2000 from the Mauna Loa Keeling curve, and the relationship between CO2 and temperature over the past 160,000 years. This provides a foundation for examining individuals' input of CO2 to the atmosphere and how to reduce it.

General Web Resources

The Arctic: Our Global Thermostat. PBS Scientific American Frontiers. http://www.pbs.org/saf/1505/features/thermostat.htm. This PBS web feature describes how the arctic is essential to regulating Earth’s weather patterns, and how decreasing ice and snow cover can lead to positive feedback mechanisms.

Introduction to Earth’s Dramatically Changing Climate. PBS Teachers professional development module. http://www.pbs.org/teachers/stem/professionaldevelopment/015/. How is the Earth’s climate changing? Within the mainstream scientific community the fundamentals of global warming and climate change are no longer in question and increasing evidence shows that human activities, such as the burning of fossil fuels, deforestation and land degradation, cattle ranching, and rice farming, play a significant part in contributing to this change. Examine evidence of climate change from different parts of Earth’s system and consider what it means to live on a planet with a dynamically changing climate. References national standards.