Causes of Climate Change Resources


  
collapse Topic : Causes of Climate Change ‎(2)
Cyclical and Natural Changes
Human-Caused Changes
collapse Topic : Climate System ‎(12)
Atmospheric Circulation
Atmospheric Composition
Carbon Cycle
Climate Compared to Weather
Climate Feedbacks
Global Energy Balance
Greenhouse Effect
Ocean and Climate
Orbital Cycles
Regional Climates
Solar Radiation
Water Cycle
collapse Topic : Human Responses to Climate Change ‎(3)
Personal Responsibility
Risk Management
Social Values
collapse Topic : Impacts of Climate Change ‎(13)
Agricultural Changes
Economic Impacts
Ecosystem Changes
Extreme Weather
Freshwater Resources
Melting Ice and Permafrost
Ocean Warming and Acidification
Plants and Animals
Public Health
Sea Level Rise
Great Lakes Impacts
Uncertainty
Surface Temperature Warming
collapse Topic : Measuring and Modeling Climate ‎(2)
Climate Modeling
Gathering and Measuring Climate Data

Human-Caused Changes

Activities

Books/Reports

General Web Resources

Climate Time Machine by NASA. http://climate.nasa.gov/ClimateTimeMachine/climateTimeMachine.cfm. This series of interactive visualizations show how some of the key indicators of climate change, such as temperature, sea ice extent and carbon dioxide concentrations, have changed in Earth’s recent history.

Vulcan Project. Purdue University. http://www.purdue.edu/eas/carbon/vulcan/index.php. The Vulcan Project has created maps and analysis of CO2 emissions for the continental U.S. from power plants, industrial sources, roads and highways, and residential sources. Each projection shows the location and magnitude of emissions. Students can compare the who, what, and where of CO2 emissions. Ask students to analyze the plots and decide which regions' sources are the greatest contributors to CO2 in the atmosphere. They can then make comparisons and formulate questions and hypotheses. This is a great use of real/current data in class that helps students answer the question "how do they know this stuff?" The Vulcan (Roman God of fire) site also includes a video showing diurnal cycles of carbon emissions and a Google Earth application.

Travel Matters Individual Calculator. http://www.travelmatters.org/calculator/individual/. Measure how much greenhouse gas you generate as a result of your daily transportation activity. Simply enter the monthly distances you traveled by mode of transportation - on foot, by bicycle, car, bus, train, plane, or boat - and the calculator will do your "greenhouse gas accounting" for you.

Causes: A Blanket Around the Earth. Global Climate Change: Vital Signs of the Planet by NASA. http://climate.nasa.gov/causes/. This site describes the greenhouse effect, and how human actions are causing the earth to warm. What is the big deal with carbon?

Climate Kids: NASA’s eyes on the Earth. http://climate.nasa.gov/kids/bigQuestions/dinosaurFossilFuel/. This section of NASA’s Climate Kids site provides a basic understanding of carbon and how it affects climate and all living things on Earth. Emissions continue to increase.

Vital Climate Change Graphics by UNEP/GRID-Arendal, Arendal, Norway. http://www.grida.no/publications/vg/climate2/page/2689.aspx. This section discusses the increase in greenhouse gas emissions since the Industrial Revolution. Climate Counts. http://www.climatecounts.org/. Climate Counts is a collaborative effort to bring consumers and companies together in the fight against global climate change. The site scores the world's largest companies on their climate impact to spur corporate climate responsibility and conscious consumption.

Alliance for Climate Education (ACE). http://www.acespace.org/. ACE is an award-winning national nonprofit dedicated to educating America's high school students about the science behind climate change and inspiring them to do something about it—while having fun along the way. They are based in Oakland, California, with educator teams in Chicago, New York, Los Angeles, Washington, DC, Boston, Atlanta and Colorado. ACE delivers two core offerings: the free ACE Assembly on climate change and the Student Action Program. United States Global Change Research Program. http://www.globalchange.gov/. This web site is a well-organized resource for information on the many facets of climate change. Users can examine climate change impacts by region (including the Great Lakes), sector (such as ecosystems and society), and agency (how the United States federal agencies are related to climate change issues).

Earth’s Warming Climate: Are We Responsible? PBS Teachers professional development module. http://www.pbs.org/teachers/stem/professionaldevelopment/010/. Global climate change is one of the most profound challenges facing humanity today. This lesson provides the evidence that the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere has not been as high as it is currently for nearly half a million years and that this increase corresponds with data that human activity is responsible. Examine scientific data showing increases in both atmospheric CO2 and the Earth’s average temperature and analyze changes in atmospheric concentration of CO2 over time. References national standards.

The Climate Change Skeptic’s Argument: Natural Solar Cycles or Human Activity? PBS Teachers professional development module. http://www.pbs.org/teachers/stem/professionaldevelopment/025/. The sun has a well-known 11-year sunspot cycle that produces variation in energy output. Solar irradiance has been measured by satellites daily since the late 1970s, and this known solar cycle is incorporated into climate models. Evidence from historical sunspot observations, tree-ring measurements, and other proxy climate data sources show that solar output has not been constant over time. In this activity, we explore whether changes in incoming solar radiation can explain all or part of the warming trend we have seen in Earth’s planetary temperatures. References national standards.

Carbon “Kidprints.” PBS Teachers professional development module. http://www.pbs.org/teachers/stem/professionaldevelopment/030/. Global climate change is one of the most profound challenges facing humanity today. It is a problem that will be inherited by our students and one in which they will need to be meaningfully engaged as adults. While we can't reverse climate change, we can modify our personal behavior and contribute to community-based mitigation strategies to slow the rate of change and minimize impact on society and the ecosystems on which we rely. Because greenhouse gases are the most critical factor warming the atmosphere, any behavioral adaptation or mitigation strategy that decreases CO2 and other greenhouse gas emissions that are warming our planet is a step in the right direction. This module explores the personal choices students make every day as resource consumers, and how those decisions contribute to the climate health of our planet. References national standards.

Earth’s Orbit and Climate Change. PBS Teachers professional development module. http://www.pbs.org/teachers/stem/professionaldevelopment/035/. Global climate change is one of the most profound environmental challenges facing humanity today. We have unequivocal evidence that carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions are contributing to a warming climate, but we also know that climate has changed significantly in the past, long before people were pumping CO2 into the atmosphere. What is the relative contribution of what we call "natural climate cycles" and human-caused greenhouse gases to the trajectories of change we see in contemporary climate records? References national standards.